Assessment Principles should:
- Teaching and learning are influenced by the interaction among learning goals, learning, standards, and learning benchmarks, and their alignment with assessment measures.
- Decision- making is based on multiple measures that include information from formative and summative assessment across levels of implantation to yield a rich array of quantitative, qualitative, and combined types of evidence.
- Assessment at the state and district levels complements strongly supported assessment at the program and classroom levels.
- Students’ language proficiency, as demonstrated by their growth in language development, is distinct from their academic achievement, their attainment of conceptual skills and knowledge. The assessment of these constructs in unique, with each measure specifically crafted to fulfill a distinct purpose.
Gottlieb & Nguyen (2007)